Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km² and its population is more than 4.6 million. Georgia's constitution is that of a representative democracy, organized as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. It is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Community of Democratic Choice, the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, and the Asian Development Bank. The country aspires to join NATO and the European Union.
Tbilisi (literally "Warm city") is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Mt'k'vari (Kura) River. It received the name from the hot sulfur springs that are abundant in the area. It was called Tiflis while the part of the Russian Empire and was officially known under this name until 1936. The city covers an area of 726 km² (280.3 square miles) and has 1,480,000 inhabitants.
Founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang Gorgasali, the Georgian King of Kartli (Iberia) the city was made into a capital in the 6th century by his son Dachi, because Tbilisi was well protected strategically by the mountains around it.
Today, Tbilisi is a significant industrial, social, and cultural centre. The city is also reemerging as an important transit route for global energy and trade projects. Located strategically at the crossroads between Europe and Asia and lying along the historic Silk Road routes, Tbilisi has often been a point of contention between various rival powers and empires.
The demographics of the city are diverse and historically it has been home to peoples from different cultures, religions and ethnicities. Despite being overwhelmingly Orthodox Christian, Tbilisi is one of the few places in the world (Sarajevo and Paramaribo being others) where a synagogue and a mosque are located next to each other, in the ancient Bath district several hundred metres from the Metekhi Church.
Tbilisi has one international airport. Notable tourist destinations include Tbilisi Sameba Cathedral, Freedom Square, Sioni Cathedral, Metekhi Church, Narikala Fortress, Parliament of Georgia, Rustaveli Avenue, Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theatre, Rustaveli Theatre, Anchiskhati Basilica (the oldest remaining building in the city), Mtatsminda (Holy Mountain), Kashveti Church along with the National and Historic Museums of Georgia and a number of art galleries. Tbilisi is the home of famous artists. The city life was immortalised in their art by Niko Pirosmani and Lado Gudiashvili.
Some facts about Tbilisi - One of the Oldest Cities in the World
Location - Eastern Georgia
Height from the sea level - 380-600 m
Total area - 726 km².
Population - about 1.5 million
Calling code - 995 for Georgia; 32 for Tbilisi
Climate - moderately warm and humid. The coldest month is January, the hottest month is July. The most rainy month is May Average annual temperature is 12,7 °C
National Currency - Georgian Lari (1 Lari=100 Tetri)